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An Index of R&D Productivity: To Estimate R&D Contribution for Profit

Masami Asai
『PICMET』 2014 Proceeding 2558-2586 (2014/07/30)

Some indexes of R&D productivity have existed such as sales vs. R&D expense, operating income vs. R&D expense, and they are used for relative evaluation among competitor…

  • 技術経営
  • Article

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    Supply Chain Disruptions: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake

    CARVALHO,Vasco M. : Makoto Nirei : Yukiko Saito
    RIETI Discussion Paper 14-E-035 Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) (2014/06/30)

    This paper quantifies the spillover effect of exogenous shocks, such as earthquakes, on other firms through the supply chain network. Combining micro data on inter-firm transaction networks and geographic information systems, we examine firms' sales growth and transaction relationships outside the tsunami-hit areas before and after the…

    • 経済学
    • An Economic Analysis of Deferred Examination System: Evidence from Policy Reforms in Japan

      Yamauchi, Isamu : Sadao Nagaoka
      WP#14-05 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/06/26)

      We investigate how a deferred patent examination system promotes ex-ante screening of patent applications, which reduces both the number of granted patents and the use of economic resources for examinations, without reducing the return from R&D. Based on a real option theory, we develop a model of examination request behaviors. Exploit…

      • 知的財産制度
      • IIR Working Paper

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        The Spillover Effects of Publicly Supported Private R&D: Analysis of NEDO Follow-up Survey Data

        Matsushima, Kazunari : Yaichi Aoshima
        WP#14-04 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/06/23)

        Innovation creating economic values has become a vital issue due to severe global competition. Given such a circumstance, government funding has flowed not only into pu…

          IIR Working Paper

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          Margin Rate Rule: A New Drug Pricing Policy in Japan

          Tamura, Masaoki
          WP#14-03 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/06/18)

          This article theoretically evaluates the drug pricing policy in Japan and suggest an alternative more efficient policy. The Japanese current pricing rule “R2 rule” cause…

          • 経済学
          • 政策のための科学
          • IIR Working Paper

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            Wenzhou Entrepreneurs' Community: Their Networks and Social Capital

            Nishiguchi, Toshihiro: Motoko Tsujita
            WP#13-28 (in Japanese) Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/31)

            • ネットワーク
            • IIR Working Paper

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              A Study of Wenzhou Financial Reforms after the Credit Crunch: Towards the Legalization of Informal Lending

              Jiang, Hong Xiang: Toshihiro Nishiguchi: Motoko Tsujita
              WP#13-27 (in Japanese) Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/30)

              • ネットワーク
              • IIR Working Paper

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                Making Global Neighborhoods Work: The Analysis of China’s Wenzhou Entrepreneurial Community

                Nishiguchi, Toshihiro: Motoko Tsujita
                WP#13-26 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/28)

                Exploring small worlds in social networks using big data has been all the rage. But true estimates of how they actually work have been fraught with technical difficultie…

                • 社会学
                • ネットワーク
                • IIR Working Paper

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                  Wenzhou Entrepreneurs' Way to Success: Making the Most of Their Networks and Social Capital

                  Sekai Keizai Hyoron (World Economic Review) Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 17-21 (in Japanese) (2014/03/20)

                  Author: Nishiguchi, Toshihiro

                  • ネットワーク
                  • General Article

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                    Allocation of Research Resources and Publication Productivity in Japan: A Growth Accounting Approach

                    Aoki, Shuhei: Megumi Kimura
                    WP#13-24 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/10)

                    In Japan, as in many developed countries, the government's agencies for science have implemented several reforms to the scienti c research system, which has concentrated research resources in the top research universities. However, the growth of research papers has stagnated in Japan during the 2000s. To analyze the reason for this, th…

                    • 経済学
                    • サイエンス
                    • 政策のための科学
                    • IIR Working Paper

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                      Author ordering in scientific research: evidence from scientists survey in the US and Japan

                      Nagaoka, Sadao : Hideo Owan
                      WP#13-23 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/02/28)

                      This paper examines what drives author ordering in scientific research. We first discuss a theoretical framework for the choice between alphabetical ordering and relativ…

                      • イノベーションの経済分析
                      • イノベーションの計測
                      • サイエンス
                      • 知的財産
                      • IIR Working Paper

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                        Reassessing Patent Propensity: Evidence from a dataset of R&D awards, 1977–2004

                        Roberto Fontana:Nuvolari, Alessandro:Shimizu, Hiroshi:Vezzulli, Andrea
                        『Research Policy』 Vol. 42 (10) pp.1780-1792 (2013/12/01)

                        • 経営学
                        • 技術経営
                        • 知的財産権
                        • イノベーションの計測
                        • 知的財産
                        • Next steps for collaboration between policy formation and policy studies

                          Akaike, Shinichi
                          『The Journal of Science Policy and Research Management』 Vol.28 No.1 pp. 76-83 (2013/10/01)

                          The key of ‘Science of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy’ is to connect policy formation and policy studies. Process and knowledge structure of policy formatio…

                          • 技術政策
                          • 政策のための科学
                          • Article

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                            Patents and Cumulative Innovation:Causal Evidence from the Courts

                            Galasso, Alberto : Mark Schankerman
                            WP#13-16 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/08/20)

                            Cumulative innovation is central to economic growth. Do patent rights facilitate or impede such follow-on innovation? This paper studies the causal effect of removing patent protection through court invalidation on subsequent research related to the focal patent, as measured by later citations. We exploit random allocation of judges a…

                            • イノベーションの経済分析
                            • IIR Working Paper

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                              Comparing the Productivity Impacts of Knowledge Spillovers from Network and Arm’s Length Industries:Findings from Business Groups in Korea

                              LEE, Keun : Kineung CHOO : Minho Yoon
                              WP#13-15 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/08/19)

                              Given the increasing significance of knowledge spillovers in innovation, this study investigates and compares knowledge spillovers from arm’s length firms in the industr…

                              • ネットワーク
                              • IIR Working Paper

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                                Disguised Protectionism? Environmental policy in the Japanese car market

                                Kitano, Taiju
                                RIETI Discussion Paper 13-E-059 Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) (2013/06/30)

                                The US government criticized Japanese environmental policies, which promoted eco-friendly car (eco-car) purchases via measures such as tax exemptions and subsidies, as disguised forms of protection by arguing that the fuel economy standard for the subsidy qualification was designed to be more beneficial to domestic firms. This paper ex…

                                • 経済学
                                • Reassessing patent propensity: evidence from a data-set of R&D awards 1977-2004

                                  Fontana, Roberto: Alessandro Nuvolari: Hiroshi Shimizu: Andrea Vezzulli
                                  Working Papers 2013/09, Department of Economics at the School of Economics and Management (ISEG), Technical University of Lisbon (2013/06/01)

                                  • イノベーションの計測
                                  • Working Paper(outside IIR)

                                    URL:
                                    http://pascal.iseg.utl.pt/~depeco/wp/wp092013.pdf

                                    Intermediary Functions and the Market for Innovation in Meiji and Taisho Japan

                                    Nicholas, Tom: Hiroshi Shimizu
                                    『Business History Review』 Vol.87 (Spring) pp.121-149 (2013/05/25)

                                    • 技術史
                                    • 知的財産権
                                    • 知的財産
                                    • 知的財産制度
                                    • Article

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                                      Management of Science, Serendipity, and Research Performance: Evidence from Scientists' Survey

                                      Murayama, Kota : Makoto Nirei : Hiroshi Shimizu
                                      WP#13-13 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/05/13)

                                      This study investigates the impact of management style on research performance in science. If a managerial role is played by a leading scientist in the research team, that is considered management-research integration. If not, we consider that management and research are separated. We found that separating the managerial and research r…

                                      • イノベーションの経済分析
                                      • IIR Working Paper

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                                        Does the outsourcing of prior art search increase the efficiency of patent examination?

                                        Yamauchi, Isamu : Sadao Nagaoka
                                        WP#13-12 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/05/07)

                                        This paper investigates the effects of outsourcing of prior art search on the efficiency of patent examination, using a large scale Japanese patent examination data. Out…

                                        • 知的財産権
                                        • イノベーションの経済分析
                                        • 知的財産
                                        • 知的財産制度
                                        • IIR Working Paper

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