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Margin Rate Rule: A New Drug Pricing Policy in Japan

Tamura, Masaoki
WP#14-03 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/06/18)

This article theoretically evaluates the drug pricing policy in Japan and suggest an alternative more efficient policy. The Japanese current pricing rule “R2 rule” cause…

  • 経済学
  • 政策のための科学
  • IIR Working Paper

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    Wenzhou Entrepreneurs' Community: Their Networks and Social Capital

    Nishiguchi, Toshihiro: Motoko Tsujita
    WP#13-28 (in Japanese) Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/31)

    • ネットワーク
    • IIR Working Paper

      URL:

      A Study of Wenzhou Financial Reforms after the Credit Crunch: Towards the Legalization of Informal Lending

      Jiang, Hong Xiang: Toshihiro Nishiguchi: Motoko Tsujita
      WP#13-27 (in Japanese) Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/30)

      • ネットワーク
      • IIR Working Paper

        URL:

        Making Global Neighborhoods Work: The Analysis of China’s Wenzhou Entrepreneurial Community

        Nishiguchi, Toshihiro: Motoko Tsujita
        WP#13-26 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/28)

        Exploring small worlds in social networks using big data has been all the rage. But true estimates of how they actually work have been fraught with technical difficultie…

        • 社会学
        • ネットワーク
        • IIR Working Paper

          URL:

          Wenzhou Entrepreneurs' Way to Success: Making the Most of Their Networks and Social Capital

          Sekai Keizai Hyoron (World Economic Review) Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 17-21 (in Japanese) (2014/03/20)

          Author: Nishiguchi, Toshihiro

          • ネットワーク
          • General Article

            URL:

            Allocation of Research Resources and Publication Productivity in Japan: A Growth Accounting Approach

            Aoki, Shuhei: Megumi Kimura
            WP#13-24 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/03/10)

            In Japan, as in many developed countries, the government's agencies for science have implemented several reforms to the scienti c research system, which has concentrated research resources in the top research universities. However, the growth of research papers has stagnated in Japan during the 2000s. To analyze the reason for this, th…

            • 経済学
            • サイエンス
            • 政策のための科学
            • IIR Working Paper

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              Author ordering in scientific research: evidence from scientists survey in the US and Japan

              Nagaoka, Sadao : Hideo Owan
              WP#13-23 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2014/02/28)

              This paper examines what drives author ordering in scientific research. We first discuss a theoretical framework for the choice between alphabetical ordering and relativ…

              • イノベーションの経済分析
              • イノベーションの計測
              • サイエンス
              • 知的財産
              • IIR Working Paper

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                Reassessing Patent Propensity: Evidence from a dataset of R&D awards, 1977–2004

                Roberto Fontana:Nuvolari, Alessandro:Shimizu, Hiroshi:Vezzulli, Andrea
                『Research Policy』 Vol. 42 (10) pp.1780-1792 (2013/12/01)

                • 経営学
                • 技術経営
                • 知的財産権
                • イノベーションの計測
                • 知的財産
                • Next steps for collaboration between policy formation and policy studies

                  Akaike, Shinichi
                  『The Journal of Science Policy and Research Management』 Vol.28 No.1 pp. 76-83 (2013/10/01)

                  The key of ‘Science of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy’ is to connect policy formation and policy studies. Process and knowledge structure of policy formatio…

                  • 技術政策
                  • 政策のための科学
                  • Article

                    URL:

                    Patents and Cumulative Innovation:Causal Evidence from the Courts

                    Galasso, Alberto : Mark Schankerman
                    WP#13-16 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/08/20)

                    Cumulative innovation is central to economic growth. Do patent rights facilitate or impede such follow-on innovation? This paper studies the causal effect of removing patent protection through court invalidation on subsequent research related to the focal patent, as measured by later citations. We exploit random allocation of judges a…

                    • イノベーションの経済分析
                    • IIR Working Paper

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                      Comparing the Productivity Impacts of Knowledge Spillovers from Network and Arm’s Length Industries:Findings from Business Groups in Korea

                      LEE, Keun : Kineung CHOO : Minho Yoon
                      WP#13-15 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/08/19)

                      Given the increasing significance of knowledge spillovers in innovation, this study investigates and compares knowledge spillovers from arm’s length firms in the industr…

                      • ネットワーク
                      • IIR Working Paper

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                        Disguised Protectionism? Environmental policy in the Japanese car market

                        Kitano, Taiju
                        RIETI Discussion Paper 13-E-059 Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) (2013/06/30)

                        The US government criticized Japanese environmental policies, which promoted eco-friendly car (eco-car) purchases via measures such as tax exemptions and subsidies, as disguised forms of protection by arguing that the fuel economy standard for the subsidy qualification was designed to be more beneficial to domestic firms. This paper ex…

                        • 経済学
                        • Reassessing patent propensity: evidence from a data-set of R&D awards 1977-2004

                          Fontana, Roberto: Alessandro Nuvolari: Hiroshi Shimizu: Andrea Vezzulli
                          Working Papers 2013/09, Department of Economics at the School of Economics and Management (ISEG), Technical University of Lisbon (2013/06/01)

                          • イノベーションの計測
                          • Working Paper(outside IIR)

                            URL:
                            http://pascal.iseg.utl.pt/~depeco/wp/wp092013.pdf

                            Intermediary Functions and the Market for Innovation in Meiji and Taisho Japan

                            Nicholas, Tom: Hiroshi Shimizu
                            『Business History Review』 Vol.87 (Spring) pp.121-149 (2013/05/25)

                            • 技術史
                            • 知的財産権
                            • 知的財産
                            • 知的財産制度
                            • Article

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                              Management of Science, Serendipity, and Research Performance: Evidence from Scientists' Survey

                              Murayama, Kota : Makoto Nirei : Hiroshi Shimizu
                              WP#13-13 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/05/13)

                              This study investigates the impact of management style on research performance in science. If a managerial role is played by a leading scientist in the research team, that is considered management-research integration. If not, we consider that management and research are separated. We found that separating the managerial and research r…

                              • イノベーションの経済分析
                              • IIR Working Paper

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                                Does the outsourcing of prior art search increase the efficiency of patent examination?

                                Yamauchi, Isamu : Sadao Nagaoka
                                WP#13-12 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/05/07)

                                This paper investigates the effects of outsourcing of prior art search on the efficiency of patent examination, using a large scale Japanese patent examination data. Out…

                                • 知的財産権
                                • イノベーションの経済分析
                                • 知的財産
                                • 知的財産制度
                                • IIR Working Paper

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                                  The Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc. and NGK Insulators, Ltd. : Inside Cooperative Innovation: Development and Commercialization of Sodium-Sulfur Batteries for Power Storage

                                  Fukushima, Eishi
                                  CASE#13-01 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/04/23)

                                  This case study is the result of research undertaken for the Research Project on Okochi Prize Cases, which is being conducted with financial support from the Dynamics of…

                                  • 技術経営
                                  • 大河内賞
                                  • IIR Case Study

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                                    High-Tech Entrepreneurship

                                    Braguinsky, Serguey : Steven Klepper : Atsushi Ohyama
                                    『Journal of Law and Economics』 (2013/04/01)

                                    • 経済学
                                    • Article

                                      URL:

                                      Wenzhou Entrepreneurs' Network Strategy and Community: Their Typology by Cluster Analysis

                                      Nishiguchi, Toshihiro: Motoko Tsujita
                                      WP#13-09 (in Japanese) Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/03/29)

                                      • ネットワーク
                                      • IIR Working Paper

                                        URL:

                                        Integrating Personal Expertise: A History of Japanese Audit Firms, 1965–2010

                                        KARUBE, Masaru : Hironori Fukukawa
                                        WP#13-07 Hitotsubashi University IIR (2013/03/21)

                                        To examine empirically the knowledge integration process of professional expertise that individuals have in a professional firm, this paper examines the emergence and g…

                                        • 組織論
                                        • 社会学
                                        • IIR Working Paper

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